In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, any copyrighted work on the website is archived here under fair use without profit or payment to those who have expressed a prior interest in reviewing the included information for personal use, non-profit research and educational purposes only. 


                                                                    Fair Use Copyright Law


§ 107. Limitations on exclusive rights: Fair use 

Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright.  In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include - 

(1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes; 

(2) the nature of the copyrighted work; 

(3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and 

(4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work. The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors. 

For more information on the scope of copyrights, please go HERE


The fair use doctrine refers to an aspect of U.S. copyright law that provides for the licit, non-licensed citation or incorporation of copyrighted material in another author's work under certain, specifiable conditions.  The term "fair use" is unique to the United States; a similar principle, fair dealing, exists in some other common law jurisdictions.

Fair use makes copyrighted work available to the public as raw material without the need for permission or clearance, so long as such free usage serves the purpose of copyright law, which the U.S. Constitution defines as the promotion of "the Progress of Science and useful Arts" (I.1.8), better than the legal enforcement of claims of infringement.  The doctrine hereby attempts to balance the interests of individual copyright holders with the social or cultural benefits that follow from the creation and distribution of derivative works.  Insofar as this doctrine protects forms of expression that might otherwise be injuncted as copyright infringing, it has been related to First Amendment free speech protections in the U.S. Constitution.

This site may contain copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner.  We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of  political, human rights, economic, religious, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc.  We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law.  In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes.  For more information see:  

The designs and logos that you find on this website are owned by  Other site graphics are also, either owned by, are royalty free, are used by permission, or are considered to be in the public domain.  If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. 

Some comments/signs/articles, etc., along with its' authors, that you see/read on, have no connection with this site.  These items are provided for personal, non-commercial use only and does not necessarily mean that this site endorses 100% the particular view that is being put forth.   

As is said repeatedly on this site, "be a Berean."  That is, pray, search, study the scriptures.  Test the spirits.  Prove all things.  Use discernment when checking out an article, a commentary, a website.....even this one!

This website is 100% free.  No financial burden is placed upon those who seek the Truth.  Matthew 10:8, "...freely ye have received, freely give."   

You may link to our site, friend or foe, and are welcome to use any of the articles that you think might be of help to people and freely distribute it to others. 

All we ask is that you mention:

1) where the article is coming from: i.e our website address (; 

2) the name of the author of the article; 

3) and that you do not in any way ALTERCHANGE or SELL any of the contents of any article, or any material from is given freely to all, and it is illegal to make copies and then sell those copies to others.  
Please report any violations.   

"Fair use explicitly allows use of copyrighted materials for educational purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research." -SOURCE
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